A new understanding of the physics of conductive materials has been uncovered by scientists observing the unusual movement of electrons in graphene.
On 22 October 2004, Andre and Kostya's original paper detailing the initial isolation of graphene was published in Science.
Since 2004 The University of Manchester has continued to lead the world in graphene research. Hundreds of research papers continue to be published by the University each year as our understanding of graphene and 2D materials evolves.
From the earliest fundamental research to discover graphene's amazing superlative properties, scientists in Manchester have now begun to help develop amazing applications and uncover new advanced materials.